Type of Diabetes and Things you should know
Diabetes is a disease that most of the people go through nowadays. Instead, it is considered to be one of the most common diseases every other person suffer now a day. Today in this article we will discuss the type of diabetes with their symptoms, causes, treatment and possible ways to manage diabetes. Most commonly, people are affected by three types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus is a condition of the body or in other words a metabolic disorder that is caused due to low secretion of insulin in the body. A diabetic condition basically prevents an affected person’s body from breaking down foods naturally to generate energy for normal body functions.
Your body moves out of your control as the symptoms will include excessive production of urine, high level of sugar in blood, and excessive weight loss. Diabetes Mellitus is the medical term used for the commonly known disease called diabetes. Other symptoms identified are hunger and thirst. This disease adversely affects your metabolic rate in a person who is diabetic.
More about diabetes mellitus
As we know that our body is comprised of millions of cells. The energy is given to the cells through the food we eat and it breaks down into microscopic particles as glucose. Glucose is a form of source to give energy to the body for daily activities we do.
The blood transport sugar through blood vessels from the stomach or liver up to the cells. The cells store the sugar or glucose in other terms. The sugar cannot travel through the blood on its own. The body’s pancreas releases a hormone called insulin to the blood to help sugar reach cells.
When the body is unable to produce insulin and insulin does not work the way it should this is termed as insulin resistance.
If any person’s body is not producing insulin hormone at all it means the sugar is unable to reach the body cells to use this sugar for energy. If this condition arises in a person’s body it means the person is suffering from a type of diabetes known as type 1 diabetes.
Different type of Diabetes
Now, let us discuss the type of Diabetes. There are several different types of diabetes. Some are – Type 1, Type 2, Gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy), Juvenile diabetes, Diabetes Insipidus, etc.
Type 1 diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes is caused by the destruction of the production of insulin in the pancreas. It prevents the body from the creation of enough insulin to control blood glucose level adequately. Some use the term ‘insulin-dependent diabetes’ to type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body is not able to metabolize glucose. Due to this problem, there is a high probability for the body organs to be damaged.
- This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy. This is due to high blood glucose levels. Generally, this type of diabetes develops between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. A woman who develops gestational diabetes during their pregnancy has a high exposure to type 2 diabetes in the future. Gestational diabetes typically disappears after giving birth to the baby.
- This is a short form of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood. LADA appears more likely type 2 diabetes. It develops slower than type 1 diabetes.
- This type of diabetes is caused mostly through genetic factors. The symptom of this type is familiar with some symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
- This type of diabetes occurs to a person who is already having type 1 diabetes.
- when using corticosteroids it may lead to diabetes. This is often referred to as steroid diabetes.
- This is also known as labile diabetes. People who have this type of diabetes experience a profound change in their blood glucose levels frequently.
- This is a rare type of diabetes. Excessive urination and thirst are symptoms of this diabetes.
Learn additional information about type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes– Type 1 diabetes can develop to anyone at any age but mostly appears before 40.
This is the most common type of childhood diabetes. So it is also known as juvenile diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, due to this reason, it is sometimes known as insulin-dependent diabetes. Organs in the body get damaged over time with the rise of glucose level in the blood.
Causes of type 1 diabetes– There are many reasons for a person to get this type of diabetes. The reason for this type of diabetes is when the body is not able to make the insulin that helps in moving glucose from the blood to cells. The glucose in the body is used for energy. When there is no production of insulin, the body breaks down the fat and muscles on its own. This leads to weight loss. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a short term serious condition led by type 1 diabetes.
Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes:
Medical experts and doctors check your blood sugar levels and urine to test the type 1 diabetes in a person. If the results of the test say you do not have enough insulin in your body it means this disease has attacked you.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes– Glucose remains in the blood and will not be used for energy due to lack of insulin. So the body tries to send the excess glucose level out of the body. Due to this, many symptoms start appearing, including the symptoms in the following.
- Often being thirsty
- Frequent urination, usually more at night
- Loss of weight
- Blurred vision
- Feeling tired
- Itchiness around the genital area
- The slow healing process of grazes and cuts
Massive, deep breathing and vomiting can also occur at a severe stage. When this stage is reached, immediate medical attention should be taken.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes– As type 1 diabetes develops, many types of treatment can be undergone. Some ways are,
- Taking insulin
- frequent checking of blood sugar
- counting fat, carbohydrate, and protein
- maintaining a healthy weight through exercising
- eating healthy food
These treatments are used to keep the blood sugar level close to the average level.
There are some other symptoms shown in a severe stage for a person who is already having diabetes. You must take immediate medical treatment if you are having the following symptoms
- Loss of appetite
- High temperature
- Pain in stomach
Type 2 diabetes– In this type of diabetes, the body slowly decreases the capacity of producing a sufficient amount of insulin in the pancreas, and it is a progressive condition that the effect of insulation does not work correctly in the body. Around 85%- 90% of cases of diabetes are type 2.
Causes of type 2 diabetes– There are several causes for this type of diabetes to occur. The main reasons are lifestyle and genetics. It can be hereditary.
It is not necessary that Type 2 diabetes travels from parents to children but there is a higher chance to inherit from them to their children.
Diagnosis of Type 2:
Blood and urine tests are done for examining insulin resistance. As high levels of sugar build up in the blood, this can affect other parts of the body severely.
Blood sugar test, Oral Glucose tolerance test are the key tests done to identify type 2 diabetes. There is a random blood sugar test. We would discuss these tests in detail in our future articles.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes– Many with this type of diabetes do not display any symptoms. The symptoms that can be mostly seen in the early stage are,
- Lack of energy
- Frequently being hungry
- Lethargy and fatigue
- Putting on weight
- Excessive thirst
- Skin infection and itchiness
- Frequent need to urinate
- Blurred vision
- Dry mouth
With time and no proper diagnosis, the symptoms may become severe. If the blood glucose level rises and does not lower for a long time, symptoms will be shown such as,
- Slow heal of cuts and bruises
- Yeast infection
- Leg cramps
Having two or more of these symptoms shows that you are in a severe condition and must consult the doctor
Treatment for type 2 diabetes– Even if there is no perfect cure found for type 2 diabetes, it can be treated and maintained with the change of lifestyle and medications.
Few treatment methods can be used to manage type 2 diabetes. They are,
- eating food at regular intervals
- Add meals rich in fiber and food with healthy carbohydrates. Eating fruits, grains and vegetables will play a role in keeping the sugar level stable
- avoid eating even after you feel full
- control weight
- You can engage in aerobic exercise activities in order to keep your heart healthy.
In addition to this, you can take treatment through medication such as metformin, meglitinides, sulfonylureas, glucagon, dipeptidyl peptidase, and sodium-glucose cotransporter.
Sometimes taking medications might cause side effects, and it might take a little time to choose the best medicine to treat your diabetes.
The Differences Between Diabetes 1 And Diabetes 2
Though type 1 and type 2 diabetes look familiar, there are some differences between them. Some common differences between them are,
Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
In diabetes 1, our body is no longer able to produce insulin. In diabetes 2 our body still produces insulin, but it doesn't make enough of it or it doesn't use efficiently.
Diabetes 1 usually develops during childhood but can develop at any age. Type 2 diabetes can develop at any age, but it is most common in adults above 45.
Diabetes type 1 may be genetic (family history) Type 2 is caused in overweight or inactive, family history and high blood pressure.
Bed-wetting, blurry vision, frequent urination, increased appetite and thirst, mood changes and irritability, tiredness and weakness, unexplained weight loss are symptoms of diabetes type 1. Diabetes type 2 includes increased appetite and thirst, dark patches on armpits/ neck, frequent urination, blurry vision, tiredness and weakness, unexplained weight loss.
In diabetes type 1, prevention method is still unknown. Whereas in diabetes type 2, a healthy lifestyle is a reason.
Insulin injections are used in diabetes type 1. In diabetes type 2, healthy living and possible insulin support.